Tuesday, July 1, 2008

Bang That Drum, Dr. Pipes

Step one to defeating an enemy - identify it. This is a drum I've been beating in this "war on terror" for years. Indeed, as I wrote six months ago, "Western governments are failing in their duty to define 'radical Islam.'" It is in the ideological battlefield that we will ultimately defeat radical Islam - or face the prospect of being ever threatened by it. There are a lot of individual Muslims and small groups who have joined that fight and are today in an existential contest for the heart and soul of their religion. Arrayed against them are the Salafists, Deobandis and Khomeinists - the radical Islamists - funded with near unlimited oil wealth. By failing to acknowledge this struggle and identify our enemy, we have yet to even join the fight - one equally as important to our security as Iraq and Afghanistan. Dr. Daniel Pipes weighs in on precisely the same topic.

This from Dr. Pipes:

If you cannot name your enemy, how can you defeat it? Just as a physician must identify a disease before curing a patient, so a strategist must identify the foe before winning a war. Yet Westerners have proven reluctant to identify the opponent in the conflict the U.S. government variously (and euphemistically) calls the "global war on terror," the "long war," the "global struggle against violent extremism," or even the "global struggle for security and progress."

This timidity translates into an inability to define war goals. Two high-level U.S. statements from late 2001 typify the vague and ineffective declarations issued by Western governments. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld defined victory as establishing "an environment where we can in fact fulfill and live [our] freedoms." In contrast, George W. Bush announced a narrower goal, "the defeat of the global terror network" – whatever that undefined network might be.

"Defeating terrorism" has, indeed, remained the basic war goal. By implication, terrorists are the enemy and counterterrorism is the main response.

But observers have increasingly concluded that terrorism is just a tactic, not an enemy. Bush effectively admitted this much in mid-2004, acknowledging that "We actually misnamed the war on terror." Instead, he called the war a "struggle against ideological extremists who do not believe in free societies and who happen to use terror as a weapon to try to shake the conscience of the free world."

A year later, in the aftermath of the 7/7 London transport bombings, British prime minister Tony Blair advanced the discussion by speaking of the enemy as "a religious ideology, a strain within the world-wide religion of Islam." Soon after, Bush himself used the terms "Islamic radicalism," "militant Jihadism," and "Islamo-fascism." But these words prompted much criticism and he backtracked.

. . . In fact, that enemy has a precise and concise name: Islamism, a radical utopian version of Islam. Islamists, adherents of this well funded, widespread, totalitarian ideology, are attempting to create a global Islamic order that fully applies the Islamic law (Shari‘a).

Thus defined, the needed response becomes clear. It is two-fold: vanquish Islamism and help Muslims develop an alternative form of Islam. Not coincidentally, this approach roughly parallels what the allied powers accomplished vis-à-vis the two prior radical utopian movements, fascism and communism.

First comes the burden of defeating an ideological enemy. As in 1945 and 1991, the goal must be to marginalize and weaken a coherent and aggressive ideological movement, so that it no longer attracts followers nor poses a world-shaking threat. World War II, won through blood, steel, and atomic bombs, offers one model for victory, the Cold War, with its deterrence, complexity, and nearly-peaceful collapse, offers quite another.

Victory against Islamism, presumably, will draw on both these legacies and mix them into a novel brew of conventional war, counterterrorism, counterpropaganda, and many other strategies. At one end, the war effort led to the overthrow of the Taliban government in Afghanistan; at the other, it requires repelling the lawful Islamists who work legitimately within the educational, religious, media, legal, and political arenas.

The second goal involves helping Muslims who oppose Islamist goals and wish to offer an alternative to Islamism's depravities by reconciling Islam with the best of modern ways. But such Muslims are weak, being but fractured individuals who have only just begun the hard work of researching, communicating, organizing, funding, and mobilizing.

To do all this more quickly and effectively, these moderates need non-Muslim encouragement and sponsorship. However unimpressive they may be at present, moderates, with Western support, alone hold the potential to modernize Islam, and thereby to terminate the threat of Islamism.

In the final analysis, Islamism presents two main challenges to Westerners: To speak frankly and to aim for victory. Neither comes naturally to the modern person, who tends to prefer political correctness and conflict resolution, or even appeasement. But once these hurdles are overcome, the Islamist enemy's objective weakness in terms of arsenal, economy, and resources means it can readily be defeated.

Read the entire article. To see the ideological struggle for the heart of Islam in stark relief, I suggest that you watch Parts II and III (at least) of Dr. Zhudi Jasser's debate with a Salafi Imam that I have posted here. Step one for our government to insure Dr. Jasser wins is for the U.S. to join the ideological battle. We fail to do so at our peril.

1 comment:

MK said...

"Western governments are failing in their duty to define 'radical Islam."

In many ways GW, they are a mere reflection of western society. If you speak to the average person out there, they have no clue about radical Islam. Most people are too lazy or just don't have the wherewith all to looking around for what's happening in other parts of the world.

Too many of us will only wake up when the jihadist is in our street strongly encouraging us to convert and to our women to cover up.